The Kardashev scale is a method of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement. The scale is only theoretical and in terms of an actual civilization highly speculative; however, it puts energy consumption of an entire civilization in a cosmic perspective. It was first proposed in 1964 by the Soviet Russian astronomer Nikolai Kardashev. The scale has three designated categories called Type I, II, and III. These are based on the amount of usable energy a civilization has at its disposal, and the degree of space colonization. In general terms, a Type I civilization has achieved mastery of the resources of its home planet, Type II of its solar system, and Type III of its galaxy. Below is the scale
- Type 0 - Only able to use a portion of a planet's energy.
- Type I - Able to use an entire planet's energy.
- Type II - Able to use an entire star's energy.
- Type III - Able to use an entire galaxy's energy.
- Type IV - Able to use an entire universe's energy.
- Type V - Able to use several universes' energy.
- Type VI - Able to use an entire super universe's energy.
- Type VII - Able to several super universe's energy.
- Type VIII - Able to use all of Havona's energy.
- Type IX - Able to use all of Havona's energy and beyond.
As of 2099, humankind lays somewhere between Type I and Type II.