The New Order, also referred to as the Imperial Order and the New Era of Power is the ideology and a primary name of the Galactic Empire.
The term New Order is based on the use of the term "Old Order" to represent the Galactic Republic. The term had also been used earlier by the Separatist leaders to refer to the Confederacy of Independent Dimensions.
The New Order originated in the Declaration of a New Order, issued by Palpatine in 19 BBY, and was later defined further by COMPNOR and other Imperial organizations. It continues to survive as the Empire's main ideology.
The New Order arose as a result of the failures of the Galactic Republic, which was decentralized and often found ineffectual in resolving disputes between its more powerful members. The Empire has been championed as a strong unifying solution to this problem. It criticizes the perceived decadence and weakness of the Republic, and advocates an authoritarian and militaristic social and political culture. It promises to trade frailty for strength, chaos for order, and uncertainty for decisiveness.