|Twelve Colonies of Kobol|
|Official Name:||United Colonies of Kobol|
|Founding Document:||Articles of Colonization|
|Political Institutions:||Quorum of Twelve, People's Council|
|Judicial Branch:||Inter-Colonial Court|
|Military Branch:||Colonial Fleet|
|Number of Colonies||12|
|Total Population:||28.55 billion (human)|
The Twelve Colonies of Kobol constitute the main human civilization in the reimagined Battlestar Galactica television series and its spin-off Caprica.
The colonies are located in the Cyrannus star system (or cluster.) It is comprised of four stars, two binary systems comprised of a G-class primary and a K-class secondary star. The two binary systems are gravitationally bound together and orbit a central point with a period of 546,892 years. The two pairs are 0.16 light years apart. Each star is named for the Kobol lord of the Sun, Helios.
The Twelve Colonies were settled two thousand years ago by twelve tribes of humanity who ﬂed their home world of Kobol after a war with the Gods, or Lord of Kobol. A thirteenth had ﬂed before the War, settling -- according to some tales from the Sacred Scrolls -- on a world called Earth. The United Colonies of Kobol were created by the Articles of Colonization, which formed a central government in response to the rebellion of their machine servitors, the Cylons.
The central government has three branches: an executive headed by the President of the Colonies; a bicameral legislature with the lower house -- the People's Council -- comprised of directly elected representatives who represent a select amount of people/districts, and the Quorum of Twelve -- appointed representatives that speak for the individual world governments; and a judiciary called the Inter-Colonial Court.
The seat of government is in Caprica City on the world Caprica, the judiciary is in Themis on Libran. The headquarters of the Colonial Fleet -- the central military agency -- is at Perkinston on Picon, with the main training base being the Pindarus Military Complex.
The ofﬁcial language of the government is Caprican. Most people speak Caprican and it's a rare one who does not. Other languages frequently spoken are Gemenese, Tauronese, and Leonese.
There are several political parties in the Twelve Colonies, many that are speciﬁc to a particular planet. The major intercolonial parties are: the Federalist Party, which sought the uniﬁcation of the colonies during the Cylon War and which has as its central platform the retention a strong central government; the main opposing party is the Democratic Republic Party, which is also pro-Colonial government, but seeks more devolution of power to planetary governments; the last major party is the Popular Orthodox Party, a strong social conservative, big government, heavily theocratic party that is most popular on Gemenon and Sagitarron, but also runs decent returns on Scorpia and even Tauron.
Strong local contenders are the Democratic Alliance of Canceron (often allied with the Democratic Republic), Restoration, a party seeking to end the Colonial government (Tauron with Sagitarron afﬁliations), the Sagitarron Freedom Movement, which is closely allied to Restoration. The Monarchist Alliance on Virgon.
- Class G2V, Mass 1.0
Seven worlds orbit Helios Alpha. Closest is Icarus -- a small, hot world that is just short of molten metal. Picon follows on a sharply inclined orbit, Caprica and Gemenon share a mutual orbit with a common barycentric point and which they orbit every 28.2 days and the two worlds are 493,000km from each other. Between Caprica/Gemenon and Zeus, a massive gas giant, is the Erebos asteroid ﬁeld. Zeus is massive, with a diameter of 153,000km and boasting 74 moons (the largest being Nike and Hebe.) Lastly is Persephone, a small iceball that has a long period, eccentric orbit.
"The Ocean Colony"
- Ancient Name: Pisces
- Population: 1.4 billion
- Patron God: Poseidon
- Capital: Queenstown
- Major Cities: Perkinston, Queenstown, Pailyn
- Attractions: Colonial Fleet Headquarters, Penrose Harbor
- Pyramid Team: Picon Panthers
The surface of Picon is over 75% water, but unlike Aquaria, its climate is temperate (at least during the summer months) and its seas support an abundance of aquatic life. Once a colony of Virgon, Picon is now one of the more socially progressive colonies, providing health care and affordable housing to all citizens. The populace is affluent and educated, with an enviably low crime rate. One of the major employers is the Colonial Fleet, which is based in Perkinston as well as various orbital facilities. Picon's capital, Queenstown, started out as a fishing village, and now supports a thriving entertainment industry that rivals Caprica's.
"The First Colony"
- Ancient Name: Gemini
- Population: 2.8 billion
- Patron God: Hera
- Official Language: Old Gemenese
- Capital: Oranu
- Major Cities: Oranu, Illumini
- Attractions: Kobol Colleges, Illumini Pantheon, Gramada Mountains, Spatiu Gol Plateau, Pustiu Desert
- Pyramid Teams: Oranu Twins, Illumini Vipers
The first colony settled was Gemenon, which shares an orbit with its more populous and affluent neighbor, Caprica. The birthplace of several major religions, including the controversial Soldiers of the One, Gemenon has been torn by religious divisions for most of its history. Its extreme climate, from frozen plateaus to searing deserts, can make life difficult for its residents, who are known for their toughness as well as their strict religious interpretation of the Sacred Scrolls.
"Capital of the Colonies"
- Ancient Name: Capricorn
- Population: 4.9 billion
- Patron God: Apollo
- Official Language: Caprican
- Capital: Caprica City
- Major Cities: Caprica City, Delphi, Phoebus
- Attractions: Atlas Arena, Trojan Spaceport, Apollo University, Orpheus Park, Pantheon Bridge, Government Sector, Caprica City Museum of Contemporary Art, Ionian Islands
- Pyramid Teams: Caprica City Buccaneers, Delphi Legion, Phoebus Suns
The lush and beautiful world of Caprica was largely underdeveloped for centuries, but it is now the undisputed center of colonial politics, culture, art and education. Its oceanfront capital, Caprica City, is an architectural marvel that is home to more than seven million residents. Caprica is also known as the melting pot of the colonies, with thousands of immigrants and visitors arriving around the clock from every corner of the Four Systems.
"The Old Colony"
- Ancient Name: Taurus
- Population: 2.5 billion
- Patron God: Ares
- Official Language: Tauron
- Capital: Hypatia
- Major Cities: Hypatia, Tauron City, Minos
- Attractions: Minos, Olympia Hippadrome, Great Tauron Plain
- Pyramid Teams: Olympia Stallions, Tauron Bulls
One of the largest and wealthiest colonies, Tauron regained its independence from Virgon and Leonis 850 years ago, and fought a bloody civil war three decades ago when Ha'la'tha resistance fighters attacked the governing Heraclitus regime. Known for its rocky, reddish soil, Tauron's chief industries are farming and livestock, and its oldest citiy, Minos, was once located on a cattle trail. Tauron is also a major center of industry and technology, as well as the home of the Ha'la'tha crime syndicate (formed by former resistance fighters), which has spread throughout the colonies.
- Spectral Class: K1V, Mass 0.79
The worlds of this star, Virgon and Leonis, were much more successful in recovering from colonization than the other worlds. The collapse of population and technology that most of the Kobol refugees suffered only held these worlds but for a few hundreds years, and a 1000 years ago, the Leonis and Virgon Empires spanned the four stars, lasting several hundred years.
Five planets orbit the sun: Troy, a heavily mined world rich in metals and radioactive; Pallas, a world that once had an atmosphere and supported life, but now dead; Leonis, wich is separated from Virgon by the Ouranos asteroid belt, and lastly the gas giant Hera. Hera is the third largest world in the colonies and has 24 moons, the largest being Iris and Euboea.
"Heart of the Colonies"
- Ancient Name: Leo
- Population: 2.6 billion
- Patron God: Artemis
- Official Language: Leonese
- Capital: Luminere
- Major Cities: Luminere, Hedon
- Attractions: Royal Palace of Leonis, Hedon Grand Casino
- Pyramid Teams: Leonis Wildcats, Hedon Suns
Leonis has always been a major center of education and industry, and despite the gradual integration of the colonies, it has maintained its own distinctive language and culture. With almost no axial tilt, the planet is blessed with a milde and predictable climate, which means spectacular beaches and year-round ski slopes. Not surprisingly, Leonan food and wine are considered among the best in the Colonies. Despite historical clashes on Picon and other colony worlds, Leonis is now on relatively good terms with its neighbor Virgon.
- Ancient Name: Virgo
- Population: 4.3 billion
- Patron God: Hestia
- Capital: Boskirk
- Major Cities: Boskirk, Blaustad, Hadrian
- Attractions: House of Parliament, Tower of Virgon, Petrus Palace, Virgon Universities
- Pyramid Teams: Virgon United, Boskirk All Reds
Also called "The Blue Colony" because of its oceans and blue-tinted plant life, Virgon was the birthplace of the colonial language and culture, and its capital Boskirk, was the first city of the colonies for nearly a thousand years. However, a long and costly war between Virgon and its neighbor Leonis led to the Virgon Empire's gradual decline, and paved the way for the rise of Caprica. Virgon is the only remaining monarchy in the colonies, although the Royal Family's role is largely ceremonial and day-to-day administration is carried out by the planetary government.
- Spectral Class G9V, Mass 0.9
Helios Gamma was settled late in the Exodus from Kobol, and due to the distance from Helios Beta, remained outside of the control of Leonis and Virgon until the later years of their empires.
Gamma has ﬁve planets: Thanatos, a vicious, tidally-locked hot world with a sulphur dioxide atmosphere; Libran, which has an eccentric orbit that takes it past both sides of the Acheron asteroid belt; Scorpia, Sagittaron, and the gas giant Ophion.
"The Colony of Justice"
- Ancient Name: Libra
- Alternative Name: Libris
- Population: 2.1 million
- Patron God: Athena
- Capital: None
- Major City: Themis
- Attractions: Supreme Hall of Justice, Themis Arena
- Pyramid Team: None
Libran's dense jungles and hot, stormy climate make it an unlikely candidate for colonization, and for centuries it remained a largely uninhabited wilderness preserve. It was therefore surprising to many when the planet was chosen as the home of the Inter-Colonial Court, which tries all cases that fall across colony lines. Its only large city, Themis, hosts several major universities and law schools as well as a state-of-the-art arena, although it has been unable to attract a pyramid franchise.
"Playground of the Colonies"
- Ancient Name: Scorpion
- Population: 450 million
- Patron God: Dionysus
- Capital: Celeste
- Major Cities: Celeste, Argentum
- Attractions: Argentum Bay, Guardian Mountains, Scorpia Shipyards
- Pyramid Teams: Scorpia Stingers, Celeste Storms, Celeste Lightning, Argentum Bay Silverstars
A world of untamed tropical jungles punctuated by rugged mountain ranges. Scorpia is a popular vacation destination for the other colonies. Its inhabitants, though pious and family-oriented, are known for their religious tolerance and accommodating nature. The two main industries are tourism and ship construction at the planet's orbital shipyard complex, which serves as a tourist attraction in its own right.
"The Lone Colony"
- Ancient Name: Sagittarius
- Alternative Name: Sagittarion
- Population: 1.7 billion
- Patron God: Zeus
- Capital: Tawa
- Attractions: Acheron River
- Pyramid Team: Sagittaron Archers
The barren, mountainous world of Sagittaron endured centuries of exploitation by the other colonies, and, perhaps as a result, its inhabitant are still quite poor and have been slow to embrace modern science and technology. Because of their religious beliefs, many Sagittarons eschew medical treatments in favor of folk remedies, and choose not to serve in the Colonial Militia. Public displays of affection as well as singing and dancing are banned by law, although visitors will find the capital, Tawa, a bit more tolerant than the isolated mountain valleys.
- Spectral Class: K2V, Mass: 0.74
The last of the stars to have settlement, Helios Delta was ignored by the powers around Helios Alpha and Beta. Six worlds orbit the sun: Phoebe, a hot, airless world; Aquaria, which orbits sharply off of the ecliptic, just outside the Aeolus asteroid belt is Styx, which is at a sharper angle than Aquaria and orbits opposite of the other worlds in the system; then Hera -- a gas giant that sits in the same orbit as Aerilon and Canceron, which are both positioned at 30 0 from Hera. Orbiting beyond both Helios Gamma and Delta is Ragnar -- the second largest gas giant in the Colonies.
"The Ice Colony"
- Ancient Name: Aquarius
- Alternative Name: Aquarion
- Population: 25,000
- Patron God: Hermes
- Capital: None
- Major Cities: Heim
- Attractions: Kyros Summerfest
- Pyramid Team: None
Aquaria is a frigid ocean world with only one major land mass: Kyros, a crescent-shaped continent with volcanoes at both ends. Founded as a scientific research outpost, this remote world has also attracted a small but sturdy population known for stubborn independence, social tolerance and a unique barter system. However, the population can swell to as many as half a million during the annual Summerfest, which features music, dance, theater and epic poetry.
"Food Basket of the Colonies"
- Ancient Name: Aries
- Alternative Name: Aerelon
- Population: 1.2 billion
- Patron God: Demeter
- Capital: Gaoth
- Major Cities: Gaoth, Promethea
- Attractions: University of Aerilon, Promethea A & M
- Pyramid Teams: Aerilon Threshers, Promethea Golden Horns
Sharing an orbit with Canceron and Hestia, Aerilon is located at the gas giant's L4 libration point. Most the planet's land mass is within the temperate zone, and the mild climate and moderate precipitation make its rolling hills and prairies ideal for farming and grazing. Aerelonians tend to be poor and relatively uneducated, with a reputation as hard workers and plain speakers. This notion of self-reliance runs deep on Aerilon, where the government does not provide social services or tolerate political dissension.
"The Largest Democracy"
- Ancient Name: Cancer
- Population: 6.7 billion
- Patron God: Hephaestus
- Capital: Hades
- Major Cities: Hades, Prommos, Mangala
- Attractions: Prommos, Ruby Range, Kor Yaz Glacier
- Pyramid Teams: Canceron Hydras, Hades Vice, Mangala Krill
Located at Hestia's L5 point, Canceron is the most populous of the Twelve Colonies, with 88 states represented in its planetary congress (Canceron has proudly maintained its status as a constitutional democracy for more than 1,000 years). A world known for its richness and diversity, its cities and resorts offer something for everyone: sunny southern beaches, snow-capped northern mountains, and of course the legendary casinos of Prommos. Canceron is also blessed with farmland that is among the most fertile in the colonies, as well as rich deposits.